Pertanyaan Tidak dapat menginstal Oracle Java 8 di Ubuntu 16.04


Saya belum menginstal sesuatu yang aneh di Server Ubuntu 16.04 saya. Saya melakukan beberapa tes di Ubuntu 16.04 Desktop VM beberapa jam sebelum dan instalasi berhasil, tetapi dalam dedikasi saya sepertinya ada sesuatu yang salah.

Penjelasan:

  1. Saya menginstal ulang OS pada dedicated saya dari Windows ke Linux (Ubuntu Server 16.04)

  2. Buka saja SSH pertama kali, saya pergi

    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get upgrade
    
  3. Lalu saya mencoba menginstal Oracle Java 8

    $ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
     Oracle Java (JDK) Installer (automatically downloads and installs Oracle JDK7 /
    
    Important -> Why Oracle Java 7 And 6 Installers No Longer Work: http://www.webup
    
    Ubuntu 16.10 Yakkety Yak is no longer supported by Canonical (and thus, Launchpad)
    
    More info (and Ubuntu installation instructions):
    - for Oracle Java 7: http://www.webupd8.org/2012/01/install-oracle-java-jdk-7-in
    - for Oracle Java 8: http://www.webupd8.org/2012/09/install-oracle-java-8-in-ubu
    
    Debian installation instructions:
    - Oracle Java 7: http://www.webupd8.org/2012/06/how-to-install-oracle-java-7-in-
    - Oracle Java 8: http://www.webupd8.org/2014/03/how-to-install-oracle-java-8-in-
    
    Oracle Java 9 (for both Ubuntu and Debian): http://www.webupd8.org/2015/02/insta
    
    Oracle JDK 9 is now considered stable. There are currently only 64bit builds (nodownloads/index.html )
     More info: https://launchpad.net/~webupd8team/+archive/ubuntu/java
    Press [ENTER] to continue or ctrl-c to cancel adding it
    
    gpg: keyring `/tmp/tmp64tvseig/secring.gpg' created
    gpg: keyring `/tmp/tmp64tvseig/pubring.gpg' created
    gpg: requesting key EEA14886 from hkp server keyserver.ubuntu.com
    gpg: /tmp/tmp64tvseig/trustdb.gpg: trustdb created
    gpg: key EEA14886: public key "Launchpad VLC" imported
    gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found
    gpg: Total number processed: 1
    gpg:               imported: 1  (RSA: 1)
    

    kemudian

    $ sudo apt update; sudo apt install oracle-java8-installer
    sudo apt update; sudo apt install oracle-
    Hit:1 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial InRelease
    Hit:2 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial-backports InRelease
    Hit:3 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial-updates InRelease
    Hit:4 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/security xenial-security InRelease
    Get:5 http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu xenial InRelease [17.5 kB
    Hit:6 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial InRelease
    Hit:7 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates InRelease
    Hit:8 http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-backports InRelease
    Get:9 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-security InRelease [102 kB]
    Get:10 http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 Packag
    Get:11 http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu xenial/main i386 Package
    Get:12 http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu xenial/main Translation-
    Fetched 126 kB in 0s (175 kB/s)
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree
    Reading state information... Done
    2 packages can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see them.
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree
    Reading state information... Done
    The following additional packages will be installed:
      binutils gsfonts gsfonts-x11 java-common libfontenc1 libxfont1 oracle-java8-se
    Suggested packages:
      binutils-doc binfmt-support visualvm ttf-baekmuk | ttf-unfonts | ttf-unfonts-c
      ttf-arphic-uming firefox | firefox-2 | iceweasel | mozilla-firefox | iceape-br
      | midbrowser | moblin-web-browser | xulrunner | xulrunner-1.9 | konqueror | ch
    The following NEW packages will be installed:
      binutils gsfonts gsfonts-x11 java-common libfontenc1 libxfont1 oracle-java8-in
    0 upgraded, 11 newly installed, 0 to remove and 2 not upgraded.
    Need to get 6,519 kB of archives.
    After this operation, 20.5 MB of additional disk space will be used.
    Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
    Get:1 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial-updates/main amd64 binutil
    Get:2 http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 oracle-
    Get:3 http://ppa.launchpad.net/webupd8team/java/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 oracle-
    Get:4 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial/main amd64 java-common all
    Get:5 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial/main amd64 gsfonts all 1:8
    Get:6 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial/main amd64 libfontenc1 amd
    Get:7 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial-updates/main amd64 libxfon
    Get:8 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial/main amd64 x11-common all
    Get:9 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial/main amd64 xfonts-encoding
    Get:10 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial-updates/main amd64 xfonts
    Get:11 http://mirror.hetzner.de/ubuntu/packages xenial/universe amd64 gsfonts-x1
    Fetched 6,519 kB in 0s (24.8 MB/s)
    Preconfiguring packages ...
    Selecting previously unselected package binutils.
    (Reading database ... 57317 files and directories currently installed.)
    Preparing to unpack .../binutils_2.26.1-1ubuntu1~16.04.5_amd64.deb ...
    Unpacking binutils (2.26.1-1ubuntu1~16.04.5) ...
    Selecting previously unselected package java-common.
    Preparing to unpack .../java-common_0.56ubuntu2_all.deb ...
    Unpacking java-common (0.56ubuntu2) ...
    Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu9) ...
    Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.5-1) ...
    Setting up binutils (2.26.1-1ubuntu1~16.04.5) ...
    Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu9) ...
    Selecting previously unselected package oracle-java8-installer.
    (Reading database ... 57533 files and directories currently installed.)
    Preparing to unpack .../oracle-java8-installer_8u144-1~webupd8~0_all.deb ...
    Unpacking oracle-java8-installer (8u144-1~webupd8~0) ...
    Processing triggers for shared-mime-info (1.5-2ubuntu0.1) ...
    Processing triggers for mime-support (3.59ubuntu1) ...
    Setting up java-common (0.56ubuntu2) ...
    Setting up oracle-java8-installer (8u144-1~webupd8~0) ...
    No /var/cache/oracle-jdk8-installer/wgetrc file found.
    Creating /var/cache/oracle-jdk8-installer/wgetrc and
    using default oracle-java8-installer wgetrc settings for it.
    Downloading Oracle Java 8...
    --2017-10-18 19:34:47--  http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u144-b01/090f390dda5b47b9b721c7dfaa008135/jdk-8u144-linux-x64.tar.gz
    Resolving download.oracle.com (download.oracle.com)... 2.20.189.226, 2.20.190.214
    Connecting to download.oracle.com (download.oracle.com)|2.20.189.226|:80... connected.
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Moved Temporarily
    Location: https://edelivery.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u144-b01/090f390dda5b47b9b721c7dfaa008135/jdk-8u144-linux-x64.tar.gz [following]
    --2017-10-18 19:34:47--  https://edelivery.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u144-b01/090f390dda5b47b9b721c7dfaa008135/jdk-8u144-linux-x64.tar.gz
    Resolving edelivery.oracle.com (edelivery.oracle.com)... 2a02:26f0:78:18e::2d3e, 2a02:26f0:78:196::2d3e, 104.108.49.101
    Connecting to edelivery.oracle.com (edelivery.oracle.com)|2a02:26f0:78:18e::2d3e|:443... connected.
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Moved Temporarily
    Location: http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u144-b01/090f390dda5b47b9b721c7dfaa008135/jdk-8u144-linux-x64.tar.gz?AuthParam=1508348207_951d79ba516ffabdf4dcbded7e76c54f [following]
    --2017-10-18 19:34:47--  http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u144-b01/090f390dda5b47b9b721c7dfaa008135/jdk-8u144-linux-x64.tar.gz?AuthParam=1508348207_951d79ba516ffabdf4dcbded7e76c54f
    Connecting to download.oracle.com (download.oracle.com)|2.20.189.226|:80... connected.
    HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 404 Not Found
    2017-10-18 19:34:48 ERROR 404: Not Found.
    
    download failed
    **Oracle JDK 8 is NOT installed.
    dpkg: error processing package oracle-java8-installer (--configure):
     subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 1
    Errors were encountered while processing:
     oracle-java8-installer
    E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)**
    

    Output ini mengatakan di bagian akhir:

    **Oracle JDK 8 is NOT installed.
    dpkg: error processing package oracle-java8-installer (--configure):
     subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 1
    Errors were encountered while processing:
     oracle-java8-installer
    E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)**
    

Mungkin saya harus mencoba menginstal Oracle JDK 8?


19
2017-10-18 17:47


asal




Jawaban:


Menurut thread ini di Forum Ubuntu tampaknya ada masalah di sisi WebUpd8.

Sampai mereka memperbaikinya, instal secara manual:

https://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/technotes/guides/install/linux_jdk.html


10
2017-10-18 18:09



di mana tautan unduhan? hanya ada instruksi. - Ubuntu Noob
oracle.com/technetwork/pt/java/javase/downloads/… - Pedro Galvao
untuk server ubuntu x64 apakah rpm atau rpm witouth? - Ubuntu Noob
RPM adalah singkatan dari "Red Hat Package Manager". Gunakan itu jika distribusi Anda adalah Red Hat. Kalau tidak, pergilah ke DEB - Pedro Galvao
Mulai hari ini, Link ini (meningkatkan jawaban @PedroGalvao) memberikan perintah yang harus Anda jalankan untuk menginstal Java 8, setelah mendapatkan kesalahan tersebut. - paulochf


Masalah ini terjadi lagi karena versi 161 telah diarsipkan. Versi ini dirujuk saat ini oleh PPA. Anda dapat menggunakan perintah berikut untuk memperbarui referensi ke 172 (171 + perbaikan bug, lihat Java Downloads Oracle1):

cd /var/lib/dpkg/info

sudo sed -i 's|JAVA_VERSION=8u161|JAVA_VERSION=8u172|' oracle-java8-installer.*
sudo sed -i 's|PARTNER_URL=http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u161-b12/2f38c3b165be4555a1fa6e98c45e0808/|PARTNER_URL=http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u172-b11/a58eab1ec242421181065cdc37240b08/|' oracle-java8-installer.*
sudo sed -i 's|SHA256SUM_TGZ="6dbc56a0e3310b69e91bb64db63a485bd7b6a8083f08e48047276380a0e2021e"|SHA256SUM_TGZ="28a00b9400b6913563553e09e8024c286b506d8523334c93ddec6c9ec7e9d346"|' oracle-java8-installer.*
sudo sed -i 's|J_DIR=jdk1.8.0_161|J_DIR=jdk1.8.0_172|' oracle-java8-installer.*

lalu jalankan

sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

1 Java SE 8u172 adalah pembaruan patch-set, termasuk semua 8u171 plus perbaikan bug tambahan (dijelaskan dalam lepaskan catatan).


32
2018-01-17 13:01



Saya ingin tahu apakah pembangunan paket apt-baru dapat diotomatisasi, berdasarkan versi yang ditargetkan saat ini yang diarsipkan di situs unduhan Java Oracle. - Russ Cam


Sepertinya masalahnya adalah bahwa PPA sedang mencoba mengunduh java8U144 yang sekarang merupakan versi yang diarsipkan sehingga URL berbeda (dapat diakses melalui http://download.oracle.com/otn/ tidak http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/)

Satu-satunya versi yang tidak diarsipkan dan dapat diakses melalui otn-pub adalah 151 dan 152.

Anda dapat menggunakan solusi sementara ini, sampai mereka memperbaiki ini di sisinya.

beralih ke direktori dpkg

cd /var/lib/dpkg/info

Kemudian jalankan perintah berikut: -

sudo sed -i 's|JAVA_VERSION=8u144|JAVA_VERSION=8u152|' oracle-java8-installer.*
sudo sed -i 's|PARTNER_URL=http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u144-b01/090f390dda5b47b9b721c7dfaa008135/|PARTNER_URL=http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/8u152-b16/aa0333dd3019491ca4f6ddbe78cdb6d0/|' oracle-java8-installer.*
sudo sed -i 's|SHA256SUM_TGZ="e8a341ce566f32c3d06f6d0f0eeea9a0f434f538d22af949ae58bc86f2eeaae4"|SHA256SUM_TGZ="218b3b340c3f6d05d940b817d0270dfe0cfd657a636bad074dcabe0c111961bf"|' oracle-java8-installer.*
sudo sed -i 's|J_DIR=jdk1.8.0_144|J_DIR=jdk1.8.0_152|' oracle-java8-installer.*

9
2017-10-18 19:54



Ini menginstal 152, Anda juga dapat menggunakan 161 yang ada dalam jawaban @ gerwin-koudijs: askubuntu.com/a/996986/754455 - Ryan Fisher